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My 14-year-old daughter has acne. What can I do to prevent it from getting worse?​

“Encourage her to gently hand-wash her face with a mild facial cleanser and warm water twice a day. This sometimes helps with mild breakouts. For more significant acne conditions, practicing good hygiene may not be sufficient.”

For moderate to more serious acne, Dr. Chi says there are over-the-counter and prescription treatments available.

“Using an over-the-counter product such as benzoyl peroxide is a common treatment for clearing up acne and removing dead cells from the skin.”

Acne occurs when pores in the skin become clogged.

“During puberty, excess oil is produced. Pores can become blocked, accumulate bacteria and cause breakouts. In most cases, acne blemishes occur on the face, neck, back and shoulders.”

Though acne does not present a serious health risk, he says that severe acne can result in permanent scarring.

“Left untreated, the effects of teenage acne can be more than skin deep,” he says. “Acne can also have psychological consequences, such as causing a poor self-image and social anxiety.”

If over-the-counter products aren’t successful, he says it may be time to see a dermatologist.

“A knowledgeable dermatologist will usually consider several factors, including the severity and type of acne, as well as the patient’s overall health, skin type, age and lifestyle and recommend an appropriate treatment or regimen,” concludes Dr. Chi, who cares for patients at Kelsey-Seybold’s Clear Lake Clinic and Pasadena Clinic.