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​10 Easy Ways Women Can Improve their Health

Did you know that a few basic habits can make a huge difference in your health? And they all take little or no effort.

​Here’s some advice from two Kelsey-Seybold doctors on how to get started: ​

​​1. Sleep

Sleep deprivation is not pretty, as any mother of a newborn can tell you. “There is no substitute for good, solid, dream-inducing sleep,” says Donnie Aga, M.D., Co-Chief of Internal Medicine at Kelsey-Seybold Clinic. “The lack of good sleep has been linked to weight gain, heart disease and reduced brain functioning, such as memory and concentration.” So, try your best to get in at least eight hours a night (even if it means skipping the 10 o’clock news). As a last resort, catch up on the weekends by napping or sleeping late.

2. Move

You may be tired of hearing it, but exercise is one of the easiest things you can do to stay healthy. “Just 30 minutes of daily exercise, even broken up into 10 minute increments, can significantly reduce your risk of diseases such as cancer, heart disease and osteoporosis,” says Frances Smith, M.D., Chief of OB-GYN at Kelsey-Seybold Clinic. “Exercise also reduces or improves the symptoms of menopause, PMS, diabetes and numerous other conditions.”

3. Floss

“Approximately 25 to 40 percent of women have gum disease, which has been associated with premature births, heart disease and some kinds of cancer,” says Dr. Aga. You may have a lovely smile, but compare the time and money you spend whitening your teeth to the time you spend flossing. If the whitening wins, consider spending more quality time with your dental floss.

4. Get checkups

There are actually two doctors you probably should see on a regular basis – your OB-GYN and your primary care physician. “An annual well-woman exam includes the very important Pap test and breast screening, but it isn’t a comprehensive physical,” says Dr. Smith. “In addition to your annual well-woman exam, you also need a real live ‘annual physical’ with your primary care physician.” All women need a comprehensive routine physical every 1 to 2 years to screen for serious health conditions, such as diabetes, cancer and heart disease (which is, by the way, the leading cause of death for American women).

5. Eat Breakfast

When you wake up in the morning, you’ve probably been fasting for about 12 hours. “Studies have shown that decision-making, learning and memory are impaired when breakfast is missed,” explains Dr. Aga. So reach for high-fiber cereal, low-fat milk or cheese and energizing fresh fruit.

6. Wash Your Hands

Five seconds of soap and water isn’t quite enough. “To avoid illnesses, scrub with soap and warm water for at least 15 seconds, which is about how long it takes to sing the ABCs,” says Dr. Aga. “Or, if you aren't near water, carry and use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer gel, such as Purell.”

7. Take Calcium

“Not only does calcium protect against bone-thinning osteoporosis later in life, but it has been shown to significantly reduce the symptoms of PMS,” says Dr. Smith.

8. Control Portions

Do you heap food on your plate? Are second helpings the norm? Bad idea, as you can significantly increase the caloric intake for the meal. “If you're still hungry after a normal sized meal, wait at least 20 minutes and let your stomach have time to tell your brain that you are full,” suggests Dr. Aga. In general, portion control is one of the easiest ways to reduce your chances of weight gain, which can lead to high blood pressure, gallstones, diabetes and heart disease.

9. Quit Smoking

“Smoking is the most preventable cause of death in this country, and about 140,000 women die from smoking-related causes each year, such as cancer and heart disease,” explains Dr. Smith. “Smoking has also been associated with infertility, miscarriage and other reproductive health issues.”

10. Recharge

Remember that line from the airline safety speech: "In case of emergency, put the oxygen on yourself first, THEN assist the other person"? The idea is that if you don’t take care of yourself first, you won’t be in any condition to care for others. “Even if you have to schedule it on the family calendar, make time to read a book, take a bubble bath, work on a favorite hobby or just relax,” says Dr. Smith. “You might be surprised how much better you feel when you make time to recharge your own batteries.”