Page ContentTesticular CancerAs for all cancers, early detection of testicular cancer through regular exams is key. Testicular cancer occurs in the testicles, which produce male sex hormones and sperm for reproduction. It was one of the rarer cancers in general, but testicular cancer is the most common cancer among American males between 15 and 35. It is also more common in white men than in other races. The cancer is highly treatable, even after it has spread to other parts of the body. It usually only affects one testicle.SymptomsSigns and symptoms of testicular cancer include:A lump or enlargement in either testicleA feeling of heaviness in the scrotumA dull ache in the abdomen or groinA sudden collection of fluid in the scrotumPain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotumEnlargement or tenderness of the breastsBack painCauses & Risk FactorsIn most cases of testicular cancer, the cause is unknown, but it is known that the cancer develops when healthy germ cells (the cells that produce immature sperm) become altered. The altered cells form a mass in the testicle. Factors that may increase your risk of testicular cancer include:An undescended testicleAbnormal testicle development.Family history of testicular cancerDiagnosis & TreatmentMany times, a man will discover a lump in his testicle on his own. Just as women should perform breast self-examinations, men should perform regular testicle self-examinations. In other cases, a doctor will discover a lump during a routine exam. Once the lump is discovered, your doctor may recommend an ultrasound and/or blood tests for tumor markers. If it is found that the lump is cancerous, treatment depends upon the stage of cancer and your overall health. Treatment options may include any combination of:Surgery to remove the affected testicle (this is the primary treatment for most types and stages of testicular cancer)Surgery to remove nearby lymph nodesRadiation therapyChemotherapy If you have symptoms of testicular cancer or have already been diagnosed, the urology specialists and oncologists at Kelsey-Seybold Clinic in Houston have the expertise and compassion to treat the cancer and support you every step of the way.