Page ContentProstatitisOur urologists are experts in all aspects of treatment for many prostate conditions, including Prostatitis. Prostatitis is swelling and inflammation of the prostate, a walnut-sized gland directly below a man’s bladder. The condition affects men of all ages, but is more common in men under 50. Prostatitis can develop suddenly or gradually, can improve on its own or with treatment and can last months or become chronic. These factors depend on which type of prostatitis is present. The cause of prostatitis is not always known, but possible causes are bacterial infection and nerve damage in the lower urinary tract from surgery or trauma.Types of ProstatitisAcute bacterial prostatitis generally starts suddenly and causes flu-like symptoms, such as fever, chills, nausea, and vomiting.Chronic bacterial prostatitis can develop if antibiotics don't eliminate acute bacterial prostatitis.Chronic prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain syndrome is the most common type of prostatitis. It is not caused by bacteria, and often a cause cannot be identified.Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis doesn't cause symptoms and is usually only found when being tested for other conditions. It does not require treatment.SymptomsThe symptoms you may experience with prostatitis depend upon the cause and can include:Pain or burning with urinationDifficulty urinatingFrequent urination, particularly at nightUrgent need to urinateCloudy urineBlood in the urinePain in the abdomen, groin, or lower backPain in the area between the scrotum and rectumPain or discomfort of the genitalsPainful ejaculationFlu-like symptoms (with bacterial prostatitis)TreatmentTreatment of prostatitis depends on the cause of the condition, and can include the following:Oral antibiotics may be prescribed for cases of prostatitis suspected to be caused by bacteria. In severe cases, IV antibiotics may be used.Alpha blockers help relax the bladder and the muscles that join your prostate to your bladder, helping to ease symptoms like painful urination.Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help reduce pain. If you are experiencing the symptoms of prostatitis, the Urology specialists at Kelsey-Seybold Clinic in Houston have the expertise to diagnose the condition, determine the cause and provide treatment, if necessary.