Skip to main content

Learn more about Yellow Fever


Wh​​​at is Yellow Fever?

Yellow fever is a viral illness, carried by some species of mosquitoes in Central and South America, and in tropical regions of Africa. A mild attack may have symptoms similar to those of the flu. More severe symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, bleeding, abdominal pains and yellowing of the skin as a result of liver damage.

​​Where Is It?

Yellow Fever is a viral disease endemic in the Sub-Saharan Africa and South America.

Countries with Risk Yellow Fever Transmission​​




Africa

Central and South America

Angola
Benin
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad2
Congo, Rep. of the
Côte d’Ivoire
Dem. Rep. of the Congo2
Equatorial Guinea
Ethiopia2
Gabon
The Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Kenya2
Liberia
Mali2
Mauritania2
Niger2
Nigeria
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Sudan2
South Sudan
Togo
Uganda
Argentina2
Bolivia2
Brazil2
Colombia2
Ecuador2
French Guiana
Guyana
Panama2
Paraguay
Peru2
Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago2
Venezuela2

1Countries/areas where “a risk of yellow fever transmission is present,” as defined by the World Health Organization, are countries or areas where “yellow fever has been reported currently or in the past, plus vectors and animal reservoirs currently exist.”
​2These countries are not holoendemic (i.e., only a portion of the country has risk of yellow fever transmission). Please see above map for details.

Countries that require proof of yellow fever vaccination for all arriving travelers1
Angola
Burundi
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Congo, Republic of the
Côte d’Ivoire
Democratic Republic of Congo
French Guiana
Gabon
Ghana
Guinea-Bissau
Liberia
Mali
Niger
Sierra Leone
Togo
Uganda

1 Country requirements for yellow fever vaccination are subject to change at any time; therefore, CDC encourages travelers to check with the destination country’s embassy or consulate before departure.​​

​Prevention Tips

Your best defense is to avoid mosquito bites altogether, but travelers can reduce their risk of acquiring yellow fever by:

  • Taking precautions against exposure to mosquitoes when traveling in areas with yellow fever transmission.
  • Remaining in well-screened or air conditioned areas when possible.
  • Wearing clothing that adequately covers the arms and legs.
  • Applying DEET-containing insect repellent to both skin and clothing.
  • Yellow fever vaccination may be required for entry if you are traveling to, or stopping in a country where the disease exists.


Consult with your local Kelsey-Seybold Travel Clinic to determine if your travel itinerary will require you to be immunized for yellow fever.

​Available Immunizations

Immunization is required in certain countries. The vaccine must be administered at an approved yellow fever vaccination center. Contact your local state health department for the nearest vaccination center. Vaccines should receive complete International Certificate of vaccination, signed and validated with the center's stamp where the vaccine was given.

This certificate is valid 10 days after vaccination and for a subsequent period of 10 years. This certificate should be carried with your passport at all times.​