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Prostate Health: Warning Signs You Shouldn't Ignore​

Preventive screening can help decrease your risk of cancer


Early detection of prostate cancer can save lives. Because prostate cancer has no early symptoms in some cases, it's important men get tested, says Christopher Chon, MD, a specialist in Urology at Kelsey-Seybold.

Prostate-specific antigen, or PSA for short, is the primary diagnostic tool of choice for prostate cancer detection. PSA is a protein found in both cancerous and noncancerous prostate tissue. When PSA levels rise, it could mean cancer. Since some cancers don't produce as much PSA, a digital rectal exam is performed also.  

The PSA test isn't foolproof, but having the test can help reassure you whether you have prostate cancer or not, notes Dr. Chon. Your physician should take your age, family history, race/ethnicity, and medical history in consideration when determining your risk of prostate cancer. You and your doctor should discuss the pros and cons of testing before deciding together when to begin screening.

With improved treatment options, men now have a better chance of enjoying a good quality of life after cancer survive prostate cancer, adds Dr. Chon. In some cases, treatment may not be necessary right away and regular follow-up may be recommended to monitor progression. Thanks to the effectiveness of early diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer, now you have a better chance of enjoying a good quality of life after cancer.

Prostate Cancer Signs

Even though prostate cancer may not show symptoms for years, you should watch for the following signs and seek medical attention:

  • Frequent urination, especially at night
  • Inability to urinate
  • Trouble starting or holding back urination
  • A weak or interrupted flow of urine
  • Painful or burning urination
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Frequent pain in the lower back, hips or upper thighs
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Chris Chon, MD

​I believe that patients should receive coordinated care among primary care physicians to receive the optimal treatment for their health needs.